- Explain the cause of day and night based on the rotation of Earth on its axis. It uses antibodies... video. - Recognize that plants and animals need air, water, light (plants only), space, food and shelter and that these may be found in their environment. - Compare the characteristics of several common ecosystems, including estuaries and salt marshes, oceans, lakes and ponds, forests, and grasslands). - Summarize daily weather conditions noting changes that occur from day to day and throughout the year. Below you’ll find the Smithsonian and Carolina’s correlations to the North Carolina Science Essential Standards for grades K–8. NC Essential Science Standards: Earth & Environmental Science. - Predict upcoming weather events from weather data collected through observation and measurements. NCES.8.P.2 - Explain the environmental implications associated with the various methods of obtaining, managing, and using energy resources. - Understand the use of fossils and changes in the surface of the earth as evidence of the history of Earth and its changing life forms. NCES.8.E.2 - Understand the history of Earth and its life forms based on evidence of change recorded in fossil records and landforms. - Explain why organisms differ from or are similar to their parents based on the characteristics of the organism. NCES.2.P.1 - Understand the relationship between sound and vibrating objects. NCES.5.P.3 - Explain how the properties of some materials change as a result of heating and cooling. - Understand force, motion and the relationship between them. - Compare the major systems of the human body (digestive, respiratory, circulatory, muscular, skeletal, and cardiovascular) in terms of their functions necessary for life. - Understand how forces (pushes or pulls) affect the motion of an object. NCES.1.L.2 - Summarize the needs of living organisms for energy and growth. - Understand the physical properties of Earth materials that make them useful in different ways. - Summarize the structure of the earth, including the layers, the mantle and core based on the relative position, composition and density. - Explain how differences among animals of the same population sometimes give individuals an advantage in surviving and reproducing in changing habitats. - Explain the difference between epidemic and pandemic as it relates to the spread, treatment and prevention of disease. The North Carolina Science Essential Standards maintain the respect for local control of each Local Education Authority (LEA) to design the specific curricular and instructional strategies that best deliver the content to their students. - Explain the relationship between the movement of air masses, high and low pressure systems, and frontal boundaries to storms (including thunderstorms, hurricanes, and tornadoes) and other weather conditions that may result. video. - Explain the structure of the hydrosphere including:(a)Water distribution on earth;(b)Local river basin and water availability. NCES.3.P.1 - Understand motion and factors that affect motion. Grade 5 Science Unpacked Content Current as of March 28, 2011 This document is designed to help North Carolina educators teach the Essential Standards (Standard Course of Study). NCES.7.P.1 - Understand motion, the effects of forces on motion and the graphical representations of motion. - Summarize the general functions of the major systems of the human body (digestion, respiration, reproduction, circulation, and excretion) and ways that these systems interact with each other to sustain life. - Explain how the relative motion and relative position of the sun, Earth and moon affect the seasons, tides, phases of the moon, and eclipses. NCES.4.L.2 - Understand food and the benefits of vitamins, minerals and exercise. to determine individual differences within a particular type of animal. - Explain how the motion of an object can be described by its position, direction of motion, and speed with respect to some other object. Read more about NC Essential Science Standards: Seventh Grade; NC Essential Science Standards: Sixth Grade. - Give examples of different ways objects and organisms move (to include falling to the ground when dropped ): Straight, Zigzag, Round and round, Back and forth, Fast and slow. - Recognize patterns of observable changes in the Moon's appearance from day to day. - Remember that organisms differ from or are similar to their parents based on the characteristics of the organism. - Explain how simple machines such as inclined planes, pulleys, levers and wheel and axels are used to create mechanical advantage and increase efficiency. NCES.1.P.1 - Understand how forces (pushes or pulls) affect the motion of an object. - Recognize that light travels in a straight line until it strikes an object or travels from one medium to another, and that light can be reflected, refracted, and absorbed. - Understand the hydrosphere and the impact of humans on local systems and the effects of the hydrosphere on humans. - Summarize properties of original materials, and the new material(s) formed, to demonstrate that a change has occurred. 6301 Mail Service Center Raleigh, NC 27699-6301 •Locate K-12 Science Essential Standards and support documents. - Conclude that the good health of humans requires: monitoring the lithosphere, maintaining soil quality and stewardship. - Explain how the physical properties of elements and their reactivity have been used to produce the current model of the Periodic Table of elements. North Carolina Extended Essential Standards Extended High School Life Science Note on Numbering: EX – Extended Standard LS – Life Science (LS) Life Science Essential Standard Clarifying Objective EX.LS.1 Apply safety measures and procedures in a variety of situations in the community and home. - Conclude that the good health of humans requires: monitoring the atmosphere, maintaining air quality and stewardship. The Science Essential Standards are categorized into three strands: Earth Science, Life Science and Physical Science. - Summarize evidence that Earth's oceans are a reservoir of nutrients, minerals, dissolved gases, and life forms: Estuaries, Marine ecosystems, Upwelling, Behavior of gases in the marine environment, Deep ocean technology and understandings gained. - Understand the history of Earth and its life forms based on evidence of change recorded in fossil records and landforms. NCES.5.E.1 - Understand weather patterns and phenomena, making connections to the weather in a particular place and time. - Explain how the cycling of water in and out of the atmosphere and atmospheric conditions relate to the weather patterns on Earth. - Give examples of how the needs of different plants and animals can be met by their environments in North Carolina or different places throughout the world. - Explain the effects of the transfer of heat (either by direct contact or at a distance) that occurs between objects at different temperatures. - Summarize the hierarchical organization of multi-cellular organisms from cells to tissues to organs to systems to organisms. Earth in the Universe EEn.1.1 — Explain the Earth’s role as a body in space. NCES.5.L.2 - Understand the interdependence of plants and animals with their ecosystem. - Illustrate the motion of an object using a graph to show a change in position over a period of time. - Recognize the major components and patterns observed in the earth/moon/sun system. - Understand the relationship of the mechanisms of cellular reproduction, patterns of inheritance and external factors to potential variation among offspring. - Summarize the basic needs of a variety of different animals (including air, water, and food) for energy and growth. - Summarize the life cycle of animals: Birth, Developing into an adult, Reproducing, Aging and death. North Carolina Extended Essential Standards Science 6-8 The Alternate Achievement Standards for Students With the Most Significant Cognitive Disabilities Non-Regulatory Guidance states, “…materials should show a clear link to the content standards for the … - Compare daily and seasonal changes in weather conditions (including wind speed and direction, precipitation, and temperature) and patterns. NCES.3.E.2 - Compare the structures of the Earth's surface using models or three-dimensional diagrams. - Understand forms of energy, energy transfer and transformation and conservation in mechanical systems. NORTH CAROLINA ESSENTIAL STANDARDS Science Download PDF Grade 5 Strand: Forces and Motion NCES.5.P.1 - Understand force, motion and the relationship between them.. NCES.5.P.1.1 - Explain how factors such as gravity, friction, and change in mass affect the motion of objects. NCES.4.L.1 - Understand the effects of environmental changes, adaptations and behaviors that enable animals (including humans) to survive in changing habitats. - Understand weather patterns and phenomena, making connections to the weather in a particular place and time. Wearable health technology could aid in coronavirus effort. NCES.8.P.1 - Understand the properties of matter and changes that occur when matter interacts in an open and closed container. - Understand the evolution of organisms and landforms based on evidence, theories and processes that impact the Earth over time. NCES.K.P.2 - Understand how objects are described based on their physical properties and how they are used. - Compare weather patterns that occur from season to season. - Understand the earth/moon/sun system, and the properties, structures and predictable motions of celestial bodies in the Universe. - Summarize how energy from the sun serves as a source of light that warms the land, air and water. - Summarize how the abiotic factors (such as temperature, water, sunlight, and soil quality) of biomes (freshwater, marine, forest, grasslands, desert, Tundra) affect the ability of organisms to grow, survive and/or create their own food through photosynthesis. The Science Essential Standards are categorized into three strands: Earth Science, Life Science and Physical Science. 21st Century Global Geography; African American Studies NCES.8.L.2 - Understand how biotechnology is used to affect living organisms. - Understand how organisms interact with and respond to the biotic and abiotic components of their environment. - Summarize the basic structures and functions of flowering plants required for survival, reproduction and defense. - Understand the hazards caused by agents of diseases that effect living organisms. Nonetheless, engaging students in inquiry -based instruction is a critical way of - Explain why offspring that result from sexual reproduction (fertilization and meiosis) have greater variation than offspring that result from asexual reproduction (budding and mitosis). NCES.7.L.1 - Understand the processes, structures and functions of living organisms that enable them to survive, reproduce and carry out the basic functions of life. - Explain the role of vitamins, minerals and exercise in maintaining a healthy body. NCES.8.L.1 - Understand the hazards caused by agents of diseases that effect living organisms. - Explain how some forces (pushes and pulls) can be used to make things move without touching them, such as magnets. ES Chemistry. 8.P.1.1 Classify matter as elements, compounds, or mixtures based on how the atoms are packed together in arrangements. NCES.K.E.1 - Understand change and observable patterns of weather that occur from day to day and throughout the year. Accountability Services, Testing, NCFE, Science, Released Tests, Science, Elementary, Middle, High, Glossary, Science, Elementary, Middle, High, Graphic Organizer. - Understand the properties of matter and changes that occur when matter interacts in an open and closed container. NCES.6.P.3 - Understand characteristics of energy transfer and interactions of matter and energy. NCES.K.L.1 - Compare characteristics of animals that make them alike and different from other animals and nonliving things. - Infer ideas about Earth's early environments from fossils of plants and animals that lived long ago. NCES.3.L.1 - Understand human body systems and how they are essential for life: protection, movement and support. Share this page Printer-friendly version Send by email; EARTH AND ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE. Nonetheless, engaging students in inquiry -based instruction is a critical way of - Explain why Earth sustains life while other planets do not based on their properties (including types of surface, atmosphere and gravitational force) and location to the Sun. - Compare fossils (including molds, casts, and preserved parts of plants and animals) to one another and to living organisms. Essential Standards: Grade 1 Science Unpacked Content - Understand the flow of energy through ecosystems and the responses of populations to the biotic and abiotic factors in their environment. NCES.3.P.3 - Recognize how energy can be transferred from one object to another. - Understand how objects are described based on their physical properties and how they are used. - Understand human body systems and how they are essential for life: protection, movement and support. North Carolina Essential Standards Crosswalk . - Summarize the relationships among producers, consumers, and decomposers including the positive and negative consequences of such interactions including:Coexistence and cooperation;Competition (predator/prey);Parasitism;Mutualism. - Explain how crustal plates and ocean basins are formed, move and interact using earthquakes, heat flow and volcanoes to reflect forces within the earth. - Explain the relationship among visible light, the electromagnetic spectrum, and sight. NCES.2.P.2 - Understand properties of solids and liquids and the changes they undergo. ES Physics. - Understand the composition of various substances as it relates to their ability to serve as a source of energy and building materials for growth and repair of organisms. - Explain how global patterns such as the jet stream and water currents influence local weather in measurable terms such as temperature, wind direction and speed, and precipitation. - Summarize space exploration and the understandings gained from them. ; NCES.5.P.1.2 - Infer the motion of objects in terms of how far they travel in a certain amount of time … - Give examples of likenesses that are inherited and some that are not. NCES.3.P.2 - Understand the structure and properties of matter before and after they undergo a change. - Explain how factors such as food, water, shelter and space affect populations in an ecosystem. - Compare the properties of soil samples from different places relating their capacity to retain water, nourish and support the growth of certain plants. - Understand patterns of weather and factors that affect weather. - Summarize how food provides the energy and the molecules required for building materials, growth and survival of all organisms (to include plants). North Carolina Extended Essential Standards Science High School The Alternate Achievement Standards for Students With the Most Significant Cognitive Disabilities Non-Regulatory Guidance states, ò…materials should show a clear link to the content standards for the grade in which the student is enrolled, although the grade-level content may be - Explain the effects of electromagnetic waves on various materials to include absorption, scattering, and change in temperature. - Understand characteristics of various environments and behaviors that enable plants and animals to survive. - Explain the importance of a push or pull to changing the motion of an object. Nonetheless, engaging students in inquiry -based instruction is a critical way of - Understand the composition and properties of matter before and after they undergo a change or interaction. - Compare the relative position of various objects observed in the classroom and outside using position words such as: in front of, behind, between, on top of, under, above, below and beside. NCES.3.L.2 - Understand how plants survive in their environments. NCES.7.L.2 - Understand the relationship of the mechanisms of cellular reproduction, patterns of inheritance and external factors to potential variation among offspring. The North Carolina Science Essential Standards maintain the respect for local control of each Local Education Authority (LEA) to design the specific curricular and instructional strategies that best deliver the content to their students . NCES.6.L.1 - Understand the structures, processes and behaviors of plants that enable them to survive and reproduce. - Explain why skin is necessary for protection and for the body to remain healthy. - Classify matter as elements, compounds, or mixtures based on how the atoms are packed together in arrangements. - Understand the effects of environmental changes, adaptations and behaviors that enable animals (including humans) to survive in changing habitats. - Recognize that energy can be transferred from a warmer object to a cooler one by contact or at a distance and the cooler object gets warmer. •Summarize what is new, better, and different about the 2009 NC Science Essential Standards. - Summarize weather conditions using qualitative and quantitative measures to describe: Temperature, Wind direction, Wind speed, Precipitation. - Recognize the tools that scientists use for observing, recording, and predicting weather changes from day to day and during the seasons. 5th grade studies the following 7 standards: Forces and Motion. - Infer that change is something that happens to many things in the environment based on observations made using one or more of their senses. - Summarize how energy derived from the sun is used by plants to produce sugars (photosynthesis) and is transferred within food chains and food webs (terrestrial and aquatic) from producers to consumers to decomposers. - Recognize differences in the features of the day and night sky and apparent movement of objects across the sky as observed from Earth. The North Carolina Science Essential Standards are the curriculum articulated for students in grades K-12 science. - Recognize that changes in the length and direction of an object's shadow indicate the apparent changing position of the Sun during the day although the patterns of the stars in the sky, to include the Sun, stay the same. - Recognize that energy can be transferred from one system to another when two objects push or pull on each other over a distance (work) and electrical circuits require a complete loop through which an electrical current can pass. NCES.6.E.1 - Understand the earth/moon/sun system, and the properties, structures and predictable motions of celestial bodies in the Universe. - Explain how kinetic and potential energy contribute to the mechanical energy of an object. - Understand change and observable patterns of weather that occur from day to day and throughout the year. NC Essential Standards of Science for 5th grade; There are 7 standard in the NC Standard Course of Study for 5th grade science. - Compare the structures and functions of plant and animal cells, including major organelles (cell membrane, cell wall, nucleus, chloroplasts, mitochondria, and vacuoles). - Summarize how electrically charged objects push or pull on other electrically charged objects and produce motion. - Compare characteristics of living and nonliving things in terms of their: Structure, Growth, Changes, Movement, Basic needs. - Infer the age of Earth and relative age of rocks and fossils from index fossils and ordering of rock layers (relative dating and radioactive dating). Matter: Properties and Changes. NCDPI staff are continually updating and improving these tools to better serve teachers. - Illustrate the transfer of heat energy from warmer objects to cooler ones using examples of conduction, radiation and convection and the effects that may result. - Compare different types of the same animal (i.e. NCES.4.P.1 - Explain how various forces affect the motion of an object. - Compare life cycles of different animals such as, but not limited to, mealworms, ladybugs, crickets, guppies or frogs. - Explain the environmental implications associated with the various methods of obtaining, managing, and using energy resources. - Understand the structure and properties of matter before and after they undergo a change. - Give examples of how the surface of the earth changes due to slow processes such as erosion and weathering, and rapid processes such as landslides, volcanic eruptions, and earthquakes. - Recognize that the earth is part of a system called the solar system that includes the sun (a star), planets, and many moons and the earth is the third planet from the sun in our solar system. - Compare Earth's land features (including volcanoes, mountains, valleys, canyons, caverns, and islands) by using models, pictures, diagrams, and maps. - Explain how energy can be transformed from one form to another (specifically potential energy and kinetic energy) using a model or diagram of a moving object (roller coaster, pendulum, or cars on ramps as examples). - Give examples of matter that change from a solid to a liquid and from a liquid to a solid by heating and cooling. Nonetheless, engaging students in inquiry-based instruction is a critical way of NCDPI staff are continually updating and improving these tools to better serve teachers. NCES.6.E.2 - Understand the structure of the earth and how interactions of constructive and destructive forces have resulted in changes in the surface of the Earth over time and the effects of the lithosphere on humans. - Compare physical changes such as size, shape and state to chemical changes that are the result of a chemical reaction to include changes in temperature, color, formation of a gas or precipitate. - Summarize the relationship between sound and objects of the body that vibrate - eardrum and vocal cords. - Explain how factors such as gravity, friction, and change in mass affect the motion of objects. - Understand properties of solids and liquids and the changes they undergo. - Explain the relationship between genetic variation and an organism's ability to adapt to its environment. - Understand how structures and systems of organisms (to include the human body) perform functions necessary for life. - Explain how the sun's energy impacts the processes of the water cycle (including evaporation, transpiration, condensation, precipitation and runoff). NCES.4.E.1 - Explain the causes of day and night and phases of the moon. - Recognize that energy can be transferred from one object to another by rubbing them against each other. - Explain the effects of balanced and unbalanced forces acting on an object (including friction, gravity and magnets). - Explain the suitability of materials for use in technological design based on a response to heat (to include conduction, expansion, and contraction) and electrical energy (conductors and insulators). - Summarize the basic needs of a variety of different plants (including air, water, nutrients, and light) for energy and growth. - Explain the implications of the depletion of renewable and nonrenewable energy resources and the importance of conservation. - Compare the amount (volume and weight) of water in a container before and after freezing. - Understand how biotechnology is used to affect living organisms. NCES.2.L.1 - Understand animal life cycles. Return To Standards. E S 6th Grade. - Understand the positions and motions of objects and organisms observed in the environment. - Identify ways in which many plants and animals closely resemble their parents in observed appearance and ways they are different. How to tell the difference between COVID-19, allergies and the flu. - Compare the physical properties of samples of matter: (strength, hardness, flexibility, ability to conduct heat, ability to conduct electricity, ability to be attracted by magnets, reactions to water and fire). - Compare the properties of waves to the wavelike property of energy in earthquakes, light and sound. (conduction, convection or radiation). The North Carolina Science Essential Standards maintain the respect for local control of each Local Education Authority (LEA) to design the specific curricular and instructional strategies that best deliver the content to their students. - Explain the influence of convection, global winds and the jet stream on weather and climatic conditions. - Understand the interdependence of plants and animals with their ecosystem. - Explain how the idea of atoms and a balanced chemical equation support the law of conservation of mass. - Explain the impact of the environment and lifestyle choices on biological inheritance (to include common genetic diseases) and survival. NC Essential Science Standards - NGSS Science and Engineering Practices NGSS Disciplinary Core Ideas - NGSS Cross Cutting Concepts - STEM Rubric. - Explain how various forces affect the motion of an object. The North Carolina Science Essential Standards are the curriculum articulated for students in grades K-12 science. - Explain how the flow of energy within food webs is interconnected with the cycling of matter (including water, nitrogen, carbon dioxide and oxygen). - Summarize the basic characteristics of viruses, bacteria, fungi and parasites relating to the spread, treatment and prevention of disease. - Infer the motion of objects in terms of how far they travel in a certain amount of time and the direction in which they travel. - Summarize changes that occur to the observable properties of materials when different degrees of heat are applied to them, such as melting ice or ice cream, boiling water or an egg, or freezing water. - Explain the significance of the processes of photosynthesis, respiration, and transpiration to the survival of green plants and other organisms. - Explain how the properties of some materials change as a result of heating and cooling. •Identify key resources and processes to transition from the 2004 Standard Course of Study to the 2009 NC Science Essential Standards in the 2012-2013 school year. - Recognize the basic forms of energy (light, sound, heat, electrical, and magnetic) as the ability to cause motion or create change. NORTH CAROLINA ESSENTIAL STANDARDS Biology Download PDF High School Strand: Structure and Functions of Living Organisms NCES.Bio.1.1 - Understand the relationship between the structures and functions of cells and their organelles.. NCES.Bio.1.1.1 - Summarize the structure and function of organelles in eukaryotic cells (including: the nucleus, plasma membrane, cell wall, mitochondria, … - Compare what happens to water left in an open container over time as to water left in a closed container. - Summarize aspects of biotechnology including:Specific genetic information available;Careers; Economic benefits to North Carolina;Ethical issues;Implications for agriculture. NCES.4.E.2 - Understand the use of fossils and changes in the surface of the earth as evidence of the history of Earth and its changing life forms. NCES.2.E.1 - Understand patterns of weather and factors that affect weather. - Understand the properties of waves and the wavelike property of energy in earthquakes, light and sound waves. - Predict the effect of a given force or a change in mass on the motion of an object. - Interpret distance versus time graphs for constant speed and variable motion. - Classify rocks as metamorphic, igneous, or sedimentary based on their composition, how they are formed and the processes that create them. NCES.6.P.1 - Understand the properties of waves and the wavelike property of energy in earthquakes, light and sound waves. ES 8th Grade. - Explain how heating and cooling affect some materials and how this relates to their purpose and practical applications. NCES.6.P.2 - Understand the structure, classifications and physical properties of matter. The current state Information & Technology Essential Standards (ITES) were approved by the NC State Board of Education in 2009, with piloted implementation for schools in 2010. NC Essential Science Standards: Physics. - Understand characteristics of energy transfer and interactions of matter and energy. - Explain the relationship among a healthy diet, exercise, and the general health of the body (emphasis on the relationship between respiration and digestion). Essential Standards: Grade 5 Science Unpacked Content NORTH CAROLINA ESSENTIAL STANDARDS Science Download PDF Grade 7 Strand: Earth Systems, Structures and Processes NCES.7.E.1 - Understand how the cycling of matter (water and gases) in and out of the atmosphere relates to Earth. 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