This syllable Om is indeed Brahman. Whatever of material power you see manifested by the Western races is the outcome of this Shraddha, because they believe in their muscles and if you believe in your spirit, how much more will it work! Paul Deussen. Thus we look to the world outside and see not the Self within us. ্য সংবাদ, shami shishyo songbad). -Katha Upanishad Selfishness Know the Self as Lord of the chariot, the body as the chariot itself, the discriminating intellect as the charioteer, and the mind as the reins. This, probably, has not been done with the Vedic literature, or if ever done, it is almost imperceptible. Filed Under: Swami Vivekananda Quotes Tagged With: Quotes, Swami Vivekananda, //, Your email address will not be published. Have faith, as Nachiketâ. It was early translated into Persian and through this rendering first made its way into Europe. What people call spirituality or spiritual science simply refers to the process of lifting the veils that cover the cave of the heart. The Katha Upanishad says, “That, seeking which a man practices Brahmacharya, I will tell you in short what that is, that is Om. Yet, so long as there is death, the question must come again and again, “Is death the end of all these things to which we are clinging, as if they were the most real of all realities, the most substantial of all substances?” The world vanishes in a moment and is gone. One of the most poetical of the Upanishads, the Katha Upanishad, begins with the inquiry: “When a man dies, there is a dispute. The great idea of holiness that has been attached to these books has preserved them, more than any other book in the world, from mutilation. Time never lessens its power; on the other hand, it adds strength to it. There is one part of us which must die; there is another part which never dies. Katha Upanishad. ");b!=Array.prototype&&b!=Object.prototype&&(b[c]=a.value)},h="undefined"!=typeof window&&window===this?this:"undefined"!=typeof global&&null!=global?global:this,k=["String","prototype","repeat"],l=0;lb||1342177279>>=1)c+=c;return a};q!=p&&null!=q&&g(h,n,{configurable:!0,writable:!0,value:q});var t=this;function u(b,c){var a=b.split(". The self is the rider, seated in the chariot. Every sense-activity results in a reaction. !b.a.length)for(a+="&ci="+encodeURIComponent(b.a[0]),d=1;d=a.length+e.length&&(a+=e)}b.i&&(e="&rd="+encodeURIComponent(JSON.stringify(B())),131072>=a.length+e.length&&(a+=e),c=!0);C=a;if(c){d=b.h;b=b.j;var f;if(window.XMLHttpRequest)f=new XMLHttpRequest;else if(window.ActiveXObject)try{f=new ActiveXObject("Msxml2.XMLHTTP")}catch(r){try{f=new ActiveXObject("Microsoft.XMLHTTP")}catch(D){}}f&&(f.open("POST",d+(-1==d.indexOf("?")?"? The remedy now is the spread of education. The body that is at the command of the Mind sans Buddhi simply follows the dictates of the mind. But in the Gita you cannot study the rise of the spiritual ideas, you cannot trace them to their source. The Katha Upanishad, which we have been studying, was written much later than that to which we now turn — the Chhândogya. But then we can take the universe piecemeal, according to the different senses, as touch, as colour, as taste, and in various other ways. In them, thoughts at their highest and at their lowest have all been preserved, the essential and the non-essential, the most ennobling teachings and the simplest matters of detail stand side by side; for nobody has dared to touch them. The ritualistic literature about which I told you which forms the second division of the Vedas, has left a good deal of its mark upon this old Upanishad, so that more than half of it is still ritualistic. – Katha Upanishad; The wise man beholds all beings in the self and the self in all beings; for that reason, he does not hate anyone. Having pondered the good and the pleasant, O Nachiketa, you turned away from those desires and objects of desire that are so dear to most people. In his eyes and steps there is no more sign of fright. Katha Upanishad 5.15; Mundaka Upanishad 2.2.10; Svetavatara Upanishad 6.14 F ools dwelling in darkness, but thinking themselves wise and erudite, go round and round, by various tortuous paths, like the blind led by the blind. 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As children are tempted by toys, so they are tempted by pleasure, power, name and fame. it has not sprung from anything; nothing has sprung from it. That Atman which nothing can destroy, in It is infinite power only waiting to be called out. There is also a vast difference between the knower of truth and the ignorant. Many do not hear about the Self. Dwelling in the darkness of ignorance, the ignorant believe themselves to be wise and balance. We are believed to be the upholders of a spiritual tradition, but I see us simply as hypocrites. Each of them has a name. It has since appeared in I remember that grand word of the Katha Upanishad — Shraddhâ or marvellous faith. Unlike many, you did not weigh yourself down with worldly possessions and pleasures. A different spectacle in six months — the man walks upright, his attire is changed! When a man can identify himself with his undying nature, which is one with God, then he overcomes death. In our last [i.e. Atman is subtler than the subtlest and not to be known through argument. The language is more modern, and the thought more organised. 1. That is what I want you to become. No God would accept the fruits offered by the mind because, the fruits of the mind are misery and ignorance, and being the servant of the ego, only the self-promotion. An instance of Shraddha can be found in the life of Nachiketâ. To become moral is the object of Yoga. God made the senses turn outwards: man therefore looks outwards, not into himself. (1.2.8) The desires are superior to the senses, the mind is superior to the desires, the intuition (understanding) is superior to the mind, the great Self is superior to the intuition. The solution could only be got by going to the house of Death, and the boy went. Give that up. But that could not be the whole of truth; at best, it could be only partial truth. Commentators came and tried to smooth them down and to bring out wonderful new ideas from the old things; they tried to find spiritual ideas in even the most ordinary statements, but the texts remained, and as such, they are the most wonderful historical study. The Katha Upanishad says, “That, seeking which a man practices Brahmacharya, I will tell you in short what that is, that is Om. It should be carefully extracted, as the stem of a reed is steadily drawn from its sheath (Katha Upanishad) Standing midway between the external world and God, it represents both. The soul is not liable to birth nor to death; neither does it take its origin from any other or from itself; hence it is unborn, eternal without reduction and unchangeable; therefore the soul is not injured by the hurt which the boy may receive. The Katha Upanishad asserts that one who does not use his powers of reasoning, whose senses are unruly and mind unbridled, his life drifts in chaos and confusion, his existence entangled in samsara. Descriptions of some of the old manners and customs are also there, but they do not appear much in the Upanishads. Intelligent is he who learns of it. Our family is a living example of that. To preach the doctrine of Shraddha or genuine faith is the mission of my life. There are two paths one leading Godward, the other leading to worldly pleasure. A man cannot know him by learning, if he does not desist from evil, if he does not control his senses, if he does not quieten his mind and if he does not practice meditation. Importance of a Guru. Katha Upanishad Quotes - What is here is also there; what is there, is also here. The calm of the senses and the mind has been defined as Yoga. Freedom, dispassion, renunciation all these are the very highest ideals, but. What made the difference? I wish you would all get it by heart. And what was his quest? Katha Upanishad 5.15; Mundaka Upanishad 2.2.10; Svetavatara Upanishad 6.14 F ools dwelling in darkness, but thinking themselves wise and erudite, go round and round, by various tortuous paths, like the blind led by the blind. Utilize our cutting edge search engine to make Katha Upanishad quotes and wisdom easily discoverable.-Page : 1 Hunger for money erects walls between us. I look upon one who aspires after knowledge. Give up the awful disease that is creeping into our national blood, that idea of ridiculing everything, that loss of seriousness. These thoughts behind are Pratikas. The whole world may combine to prevent us from broadening out beyond the present. To know the secret of death. On the tree of wisdom there is no fairer flower than the Upanishads, and no finer fruit than the Vedanta philosophy. KATHA-UPANISHAD. This same chariot, the charioteer and the man sitting within the chariot was much later presented to us in the Mahabharata by Sage Vyasa and their conversation is the immortal Bhagavad Gita. Being thus attached to perishable things, they come many times under the dominion of death. It has happened, not only in India, but in every nation and every society in the world. Katha Upanishad Quotes. When you have realised what you are—that infinite spirit, deathless, birthless. Wonderful is the one Who speaks about the Self. If the horses are not broken (the senses are not controlled) and the charioteer is asleep (the faculty of discrimination is dull), the chariot does not reach its destination (the goal of human life is not attained). Unless we lift all these veils one by one, face the light directly, and become one with the reality that shines eternally, we will continue manufacturing endless questions, and those questions will continue demanding answers. taking you towards the realisation of the absolute Existence-Knowledge-Bliss. What is the cause? Katha) this question is asked by Nachiketa, a youth: “Some say of a dead man, he is gone; others, he is still living. All great teachers were Yogis and controlled every current. Main article: Swami Vivekananda’s quotes and comments on Katha Upanishad and Nachiketa. As Upanishad is the end of a Veda, it is often called as the Vedanta. Om stands for the name of the whole universe, or God. Like grain the mortal decays and like grain again springs up (is reborn). The Razor’s Edge refers to one of the ancient wisdoms concerned with the development of spiritual maturity. These two currents are the great “check rein” in the hands of the charioteer, and he must get control of this to control the horses. When the (promised) presents were being given (to the priests), faith entered into the heart of Nakiketas, who was still a boy, and he thought: 3. respects, called the Katha Upanishad, the one from which the Bhagavadgita-teachings are believed by many to have been drawn. People salute money. Those who use their intelligence, have their senses calm and under reason, they live a life of bliss and liberation, which is the highest place of Vishnu . FIRST VALLÎ. He is the imperishable among things that perish. To them this world is the only reality: beyond this, nothing exists. If anyone ready to kill another imagines that he can destroy his soul, and the other thinks that his soul shall suffer destruction, they both know nothing, for neither does it ill  nor is it killed by another. Unbroken horses and a sleeping charioteer can only spell disaster for the master. VÂGASRAVASA 1, desirous (of heavenly rewards), surrendered (at a sacrifice) all that he possessed. The self-existent Lord pierced the senses to turn outward. My Master used to say, he who thinks himself weak will become weak, and that is true. Enjoyment, misery, luxury, wealth, power, and poverty, even life itself, are all evanescent. Our Vedanta says that that Irishman was kept surrounded by contempt in his own country — the whole of nature was telling him with one voice, “Pat, you have no more hope, you are born a slave and will remain so.” Having been thus told from his birth, Pat believed in it and hypnotised himself that he was very low, and the Brahman in him shrank away. Him no fire can burn, no instrument kill, no poison hurt. We all know that in the scriptures of every religion changes were made to suit the growing spirituality of later times; one word was changed here and another put in there, and so on. The chariot just follows the horses, possibly straying into a ditch and spelling the master’s death. The earth seems to rest in silent meditation; and the waters and the mountains and the sky and the heavens seem all to be in meditation. According to the Upanishad, Naciketas was sacrificed by his father Vajasravas in a fit of anger and upon dying, he went to the world of Yama and waited there for three days. Unfortunately, it has nearly vanished from India, and this is why we are in our present state. So, Upanishad is also known as the Jnana Kanda of the Veda. And the common people, lacking in discrimination, make these the bone of contention and fight among themselves. In New York I used to observe the Irish colonists come — downtrodden, haggard-looking, destitute of all possessions at home, penniless, and wooden-headed — with their only belongings, a stick and a bundle of rags hanging at the end of it, fright in their steps, alarm in their eyes. The story focuses around a student (brahmacharya), Nachiketa, who has been sent by his father to meet death (Yama),… The language used is peculiar, terse, mnemonic. The over 200 Upanishads describe the nature of ultimate reality and the path to gain spiritual maturity. At the same time, attempts have been made to suppress it, to put a stop to the unrest of mind which asks, “What is beyond? And they lead to two entirely different ends. The soul, although without motion, seems to go to farthest space; and though it reside in the body at rest, yet it seems to move everywhere. Rather try to bring into your life the faith, the courage, the discrimination, and the renunciation of Nachiketâ. It is man who has done all, a man like you and me can do everything: have courage!” Pat raised his head and saw that it was so, the Brahman within woke up. Perennial joy or passing pleasure. The word Ekâgranishthâ (one-pointed devotion) conveys, to a certain extent, the meaning of the word Shraddha. Katha Upanishad: Embedded in the Yajur Veda, the Katha is another of the best-known Upanishads containing the line used by the British author Somerset Maugham (l. 1874-1965 CE) to inform his bestselling 1944 CE novel The Razor’s Edge (“the path to salvation is narrow and difficult to walk as the razor’s edge”). But when It is taught by him who has become one with Atman, there can remain no more doubt about It. At the time of his father’s sacrifice, faith came unto Nachiketa; ay, I wish that faith would come to each of you; and every one of you would stand up a giant, a world-mover with a gigantic intellect — an infinite God in every respect. Required fields are marked *. Arise, awake, and stop not till the goal is reached, Swami Vivekananda’s quotes and comments on Shraddha, Swami Vivekananda’s Quotes On Brahmacharya, Swami Vivekananda’s Quotes On Jesus Christ, Bhagavad Gita Chapter 2, Verse 47; Karmanye Vadhikaraste Ma Phaleshu Kadachana, Swami Vivekananda On Hazrat Muhammad, Islam And Quran, Swami Vivekananda: Stirring Quotes And Utterances, Education, education, education alone! The means for the attainment of the other world does not become revealed to the non-discriminating man who blunders, being befooled by the lure of wealth. The phrase is found in the ancient Hindu Vedic Sanskrit text called the Katha Upanishad. Are they real? The heavens and the earth are there, and the sun and the moon and the stars. Even with the word Ekâgratâ (one-pointedness) we cannot express the whole significance of the word Shraddha. … This is Brahman, the Immutable One, and is the highest; knowing this Immutable One, whatever one desires one gets.”. The first philosophers studied the material substance, and tried to reach the ultimate through that. While no sooner had he landed in America than he heard the shout going up on all sides, “Pat, you are a man as we are. One who is convinced of this false belief falls in my trap, the trap of birth and death, again and again. Katha Upanishad. The Hereafter does not shine before those who are lacking in the power of discrimination and are easily carried away therefore by the charm of fleeting objects. The mind which is nothing but the desires, fears, accumulated prejudices has nothing to offer to the Supreme Lord except what it is made of – i.e, thoughts. Quotes about Upanishads . Controlled senses and a widea wake buddhi help one reach the goal of human life, which is God-realization or Self-realization. iWise has the most comprehensive repository of Katha Upanishad quotes online. [CDATA[ There is a big difference between ignorance and knowledge. Your email address will not be published. Katha Upanishad The Katha Upanishad is probably the most widely known of all the Upanishads. But when It is taught by him who has become one with Atman, there can remain no more doubt about It. “नायमात्मा बलहीनेन लभ्य:– this Self is not to be attained by the weak” (Katha Upanishad, I.ii.23). Whether dualistic, qualified monistic, or monistic, they all firmly believe that everything is in the soul itself; it has only to come out and manifest itself. So we have this great advantage, we are able to study thoughts in their original significance, to note how they developed, how from materialistic ideas finer and finer spiritual ideas are evolved, until they attained their greatest height in the Vedanta. Childish are those who are deluded by the charms and temptations of the world, and consequently they fail to comprehend the higher truth. One party declares that he has gone for ever, the other insists that he is still living. … This is Brahman, the Immutable One, and is the highest; knowing this Immutable One, whatever one desires one gets.” [Source] Om stands for the name of the whole universe, or God. The cosmic spirit shines constantly within the heart, a white light the size of a thumb. Simply by repetition of these words we can get anything we desire, we can come to perfection. He who attains it is freed from delusion. The Katha Upanishad is an important conversation between Naciketas, a young man and Yama, the Lord of Death. Know one, know all. If I get ten or twelve boys with the faith of Nachiketa, I can turn the thoughts and pursuits of this country in a new channel. The whole sphere of metaphysics, philosophy, and religion is really filled with various answers to this question. Ignorance and knowledge lead to different ends. Later Raja Ram Mohun Roy brought out an English version. First build up your own physique. They have lost sight of the end, and hence sectarianism, quarrels, and fights continue. The Yogis arrest these currents at the base of the spine and force them through the centre of the spinal column. Standing on the brink of a precipice beyond which is the infinite yawning chasm, every mind, however hardened, is bound to recoil and ask, “Is this real?” The hopes of a lifetime, built up little by little with all the energies of a great mind, vanish in a second. Great Minds on India. One that constantly thinks that there is only this world, and none hereafter, comes under my [death’s] sway again and again. Whosoever knows this syllable obtains all that he desires. The schoolboy learns nothing, but has everything of his own broken down — want of Shraddhâ is the result. To the thoughtless youth, deceived by the vanity of earthly possession, the path that leads to the eternal abode is not revealed. But I also know that money breeds vanity. Let me repeat to you that this faith is one of the potent factors of humanity and of all religions. a previous] lecture we saw how the inquiry which started with the origin of the world, and the creation of the universe, failed to obtain a satisfactory answer from without, and how it then turned inwards. Now the question is: What is that in man; which makes him live and move, and what becomes of that when he dies? The Best Quotes. The Shraddha which is the keynote of the Veda and the Vedanta — the Shraddha which emboldened Nachiketâ to face Yama and question him, through which Shraddha this world moves the annihilation of that Shraddha!अज्ञश्चाश्रद्दधानश्च संशयात्मा विनश्यति— “The ignorant, the man devoid of Shraddha, the doubting self runs to ruin.” Therefore are we so near destruction. Many those that hear about Self do not understand it. Meditation is in truth higher than thought. If you meditate on any truth with steadfast devotion and concentration, you will see that the mind is more and more tending onwards to Oneness, i.e. For here is the great difference between all other philosophies and the Indian philosophy. It talks of the greatness of the Brahman, the nature of the Atman, the Supreme Soul, and about life after death. The discerning man distinguishing between the two, chooses the Real and Eternal, and he alone attains the highest, while the ignorant man, preferring that which brings him immediate and tangible results, misses the true purpose of his existence. Certainly it can. the knowing self is not born; it does not die. Look back to those who lived before and look to those who live now. Katha Upanishad 1.2.22-24 Spiritual Insights are possible! birthless, eternal, everlasting and ancient, it is not killed when the body is … They have almost infinite power. ("naturalWidth"in a&&"naturalHeight"in a))return{};for(var d=0;a=c[d];++d){var e=a.getAttribute("data-pagespeed-url-hash");e&&(! What makes the difference between man and man is the difference in this Shraddha and nothing else. If I get ten or twelve boys with the faith of Nachiketa, I can turn the thoughts and pursuits of this country in a new channel. He who follows one inevitably goes away from the other; because, like light and darkness they conflict. Money can buy comforts and conveniences. We may talk about seeing nothing beyond and keeping all our hopes and aspirations confined to the present moment, and struggle hard not to think of anything beyond the world of senses; and, perhaps, everything outside helps to keep us limited within its narrow bounds. Friendship and love vanish. In the Katha Upanishad the body is described as the chariot, the mind is the reins, the intellect is the charioteer, the senses are the horses, and the objects of the senses their road. [49] Fewer still dedicate their lives to its realization. To do that, as has been pointed out by many, you must study the Vedas. One leads to the imperishable spiritual realm; the other to the perishable physical realm. Youth and beauty vanish, life and wealth vanish, name and fame vanish, even the mountains crumble into dust. What is real?” But so long as death remains, all these attempts at suppression will always prove to be unsuccessful. Katha Upanishad Quotes Let this list of 5 quotations by Katha Upanishad lead you to an inspirational day. What will it do only to read it? This is the choice one is to make always. Katha Upanishad stresses the need to rein in the horses so that the master could reach his destination. Education was the answer I got. But he who is ever of controlled mind, and has true understanding, his sense-desires then are controllable like the good horses of a charioteer . I consider you, O Nachiketa, a true seeker of knowledge because that which deludes others does not affect you. They are t… It is called the Katha Upanishad. Cannot the knowledge, by which is attained even freedom from the bondage of worldly existence, bring ordinary material prosperity? Therefore, this Shraddha is what I want, and what all of us here want, this faith in ourselves, and before you is the great task to get that faith. Perseverance in (seeking to gain) the knowledge of the Supreme Spirit, and perception of the gain that comes from knowledge of the truth: This is called knowledge : all that is contrary to this is ignorance. They then become the current of knowledge, which only exists in the Yogi. Vedanta especially is based on the Upanishads. If the Bhagavadgita is a conversation between Sri Krishna and Arjuna, placed in the context of the historical event of the Mahabharata war, the Katha Upanishad is a conversation between Yama and Nachiketas. Katha Upanishad, 1.3.3-4. On this blogpost I illustrate the basic thought in the Upanishads with quotes from the principle Upanishads. These names of sacred symbols are used in Bhakti-Yoga. We have to get the power to become moral; until we do that, we cannot control our actions. Then only you can get control over the mind. It is also known as Kāṭhaka Upanishad, and is listed as number 3 in the Muktika canon of 108 Upanishads. ":"&")+"url="+encodeURIComponent(b)),f.setRequestHeader("Content-Type","application/x-www-form-urlencoded"),f.send(a))}}}function B(){var b={},c;c=document.getElementsByTagName("IMG");if(!c.length)return{};var a=c[0];if(! The Katha Upanishad consists of two chapters, each divided into three sections. But this reining in needs to be done by the charioteer, who needs to be wide awake all the time; he cannot afford to be sleepy or sloppy. This is the best support; this is the highest support. Some of you, perhaps, have read the translation by Sir Edwin Arnold, called the Secret of Death. – Mundaka Upanishad; The knowing self is not born; it does not die. QUOTES FROM THE UPANISHADS The Self, the self-existent One, pierced the openings of the senses outward; therefore, a man looks out and not in. . Bhagavad Gita 13:11 Charity After the Vedas the Upanishads are the most revered texts in Hinduism. Travelling through many cities of Europe and observing in them the comforts and education of even the poor people, there was brought to my mind the state of our own poor people, and I used to shed tears. Fire and lightening and winds are there, and all that now is and all that is not.”. Amazing and motivational quotes by Katha Upanishad. With the lapse of ages, these great truths become distorted and gradually transform themselves into Deshâchâras or the prevailing customs of a country. Apr 6, 2016 - This Pin was discovered by Quantum Grace. It resides in the heart of all living and nonliving. In the more recent Upanishads, the spiritual ideas have been collected and brought into one place; as in the Bhagavad Gitâ, for instance, which we may, perhaps, look upon as the last of the Upanishads, you do not find any inkling of these ritualistic ideas. In one of the Upanishads (i.e. In the evening Swamiji called the disciple and asked him, “Have you got the Katha Upanishad by heart?”Disciple: No, sir, I have only read it with Shankara’s commentary.Swamiji: Among the Upanishads, one finds no other book so beautiful as this. 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